Fossil fuels are an essential part of global energy demand. In fact, according to statistics from 2014, 86 percent of global energy demand was met by fossil fuels. And total world energy consumption has continued to rise steadily. Recent scenarios developed by BP point to continuing growth in fossil fuel demand in the near future. At least over the coming 20 years, fossil fuels will remain the dominant form of energy, accounting for almost 80% total energy supplies in 2035.
Turkey is implementing many energy policies within its economic development strategy, which is called Vision 2023. In its energy policy targets include the promotion of indigenous energy resources such as coal (lignite), a 30 percent share of renewable energy in the electricity mix, the reduction of energy consumption by 20 percent below 2010 levels through improved efficiency, and the construction of two to three new nuclear power plants.
For implementing mentioned goals, the government accepted several strategies and roadmaps particularly in the last ten years. The “2009 Electricity Market and Security of Supply Strategy” is one of them, which covers increasing competition in the electricity markets and natural resource utilization. Another one is the “2012 Energy Efficiency Strategy,” which built on the indicative target of Vision 2023 − reducing Turkey’s energy consumption by at least 20 percent by 2023 − and detailed energy saving targets.
More recent policy outlines, like the “10th National Development Plan (2014-2018)” have also emphasized energy issues. As part of this plan, the government set out a number of general key targets in the energy sector, including the increasing domestic supply sources and decreasing import dependence, diversifying supply sources and routes, implementing oil and natural gas pipeline projects, increasing energy efficiency and renewable energy, decreasing consumption of fossil fuels, improving competitiveness on electricity and natural gas markets, expanding and constructing natural gas storage facilities, and starting up the operation of nuclear power plants.
In order to supply affordable energy to its citizens and to sustain economic growth, Turkey needs to implement energy policies in a timely manner, and incentivize ample investments in energy infrastructure.
Another strategic plan was accepted by The Republic of Turkey Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources and covers the 2015-2019 years. This included 16 goals and 62 objectives. The main objectives from this plan were to ensure a strong and reliable energy infrastructure, increase investment in reliable natural gas storage facilities, ensuring the diversity of the fuel mix by limiting the use of imported natural gas in power generation to a share of 38 percent, and increasing the use of domestic coal (to 60 TW by 2019) and renewable energy sources, and to manage demand peaks effectively.