Hesitant behavior displayed by European countries with regard to the terror groups that target Turkey illustrates the fact that they can still take sides against Ankara and side with the YPG and the PKK during the Afrin operation.
Both Erdogan and Macron need one another. While Paris can gain regional and global structure via Turkey, Ankara can gain renewed influence in other European capitals via Paris.
Interpersonal violence needs to be taken into consideration on a serious level as it can result in not only lifelong physical and psychological health issues for the victim but also can generate societal as well as economic risks for society as a whole.
Rather than radical changes, small yet realistic steps can be taken in German foreign policy in order to re-establish relations between Turkey and Germany as the positive atmosphere of the most recent Gabriel – Cavusoglu meeting demonstrates.
“I said, ‘If you look at 1917, it was a Jubilee Year, and the Balfour Amendment came, and then in 50 years, it was 1967, and Jerusalem was reconnected to Israel. ‘When you add 50 to 1967, you’re in 2017.’ I said, ‘This is the year to move the embassy and make that declaration because it is a biblical timing of absolute precision’.”
Turkey’s investments in Africa also include small and medium-sized enterprises that lead to an increase in employment, providing economic benefits for “ordinary” citizens.
Turkey achieved what the U.S. – who has immense diplomatic power – could not do. Through its effective diplomatic efforts, Ankara managed to gain support from other leading countries across the world on the issue of Jerusalem.
The seed of crisis sown during the Obama era has blossomed with Trump’s rise to power and the National Security Strategy doctrine is the most apparent indicator of this. Trump’s doctrine limits U.S. security to its own boundaries.
Battle-hardened veterans who have fought within the ranks of the YPG may wait for a crisis or for a war to promote their ideology, recruit and train new members against their real enemy – “the capitalists.”
Everyone is aware that despite Halkbank being a completely different case, the super-powerful US could have fined the bank – there was no need for Zarrab to be a witness or for Atilla to be a defendant. However, the US did not take this course of action, as it had done with other banks.